stop A – Sacred Heart Church
Sacred Heart Church was started in 1876 as an offspring of the Saint Jerome Church. Masses were in the basement of the church from Christmas of 1876 until June 3 1883 when the nave was completed and the dedication happened. Until 1881 all there was was a basement but in that year the upper level was started.
This is a very elegant church in design. The church uses a Hutchins Organ.
Its steeple was not built until April 13 1897 due to lack of money. On that day the cross was added to its top and the church became the tallest building in Holyoke at 218 feet above the sidewalk height. That made it 2 feet higher that City Hall. It has been an anchor to the Churchill neighborhood of Holyoke ever since.
stop B – Sacred Heart Chapel
The Sacred Heart Chapel is located in the back right area of the church. It is small compared to most chapels.
Sanborn map analysis:
stop C – South Chestnut Street School
The South Chestnut Street School is at the northwest corner of Sargeant and Chestnut Streets. The area where the school formerly was is now a large playground. The southwest corner at the same intersection has a large apartment block called the Clinton.
stop D – Sacred Heart Auditorium
The Sacred Heart Auditorium faces onto Chestnut Street. This auditorium and its gymnasium opened in 1929.
stop E – Sacred Heart School
Both Sacred Heart School and Sacred Heart High School started in September of 1886. The Sisters of Saint Joseph from Flushing New York were the nuns for the school. The school was a 7 room building but an attached school hall was opened in 1888. The Sacred Heart School lasted until 1980 when it finally folded. In 1963 Sacred Heart High School was one of the three Catholic high schools of Holyoke that united to become Holyoke Catholic High School. That same year Saint Jerome School disbanded and many of its students went to Sacred Heart School from then onward.
Sacred Heart High School was the third Catholic high school in Western Massachusetts and the first in Holyoke. It lasted the longest of all the high schools.
Across Franklin Street from the school is 348 Chestnut Street. This is the Lafrance Block. It was built in 1915. In 2019 it was awarded a Holyoke CPA grant.
stop F – Sacred Heart Convent
The Sacred Heart Convent was started in 1887 as the school was built. It faced onto Maple Street in Holyoke. The nuns had lived in nearby apartments the year before. On December 17 1976 the convent was razed. The nuns had lived in nearby apartments since the year before.
Across Maple Street from the convent is a series of tenement houses that were built in 1890. The first is the Richmond.
stop G – Sacred Heart Rectory
James Sheehan the first priest of Sacred Heart Parish started the rectory. It was just completed the year he died – 1880. It is fashioned in the Second Empire Style.
Many pastors have lived in this rectory through the years. Listed below are their terms and burial locations.
|2nd||Patrick Phelan||1880||1919||Calvary Cemetery (Holyoke)|
|3rd||William Foley||1919||1939||Saint Thomas Cemetery (West Springfield)|
|4th||James McGillicuddy||1939||1949||Calvary Cemetery (Holyoke)|
|5th||James Fitzgibbon||1949||1968||Calvary Cemetery (Holyoke)|
stop H – Churchill Neighborhood
There are and were very many churches in the Churchill neighborhood but that is not why it is called Church Hill. Most likely it is Church Hill because the Sacred Heart Church had such a large steeple. The Churchill neighborhood in the 1870s served the Irish Catholics of the area with some Quebec ethnicity. The neighborhood has changed greatly since then.
stop I – Calvary Cemetery
The HISTORY of the Calvary Cemetery of Holyoke can be found at its own page. It was started by the Sacred Heart Church in 1882 and used since then also by the Blessed Sacrament Church and the Rosary Church.
stop J – German Reformed Church
The German Reformed Church of Holyoke started after a break with the German Evangelical Lutheran Church of Holyoke. It was formed on the 16 October 1892 at this corner with the church being built in 1894. The two churches stayed separate forever. There was never a set parsonage for this church and the minister stayed at local homes and apartments. The ministers did not stay long at this Reformed church and typically signed only a three year contract and left. The church is in the neo-Gothic style with high and narrow pointed windows.
In 1950 there was a name and philosophy change to the St Andrew’s Evangelical and Reformed Church. This was not a union with the other German church of Holyoke but it did precipitate a name change for them too into the First German Evangelical Church of Holyoke. This older Holyoke church stresses Luther. Meanwhile the Reformed church stresses Calvin.
In 1961 this German Reformed Church of Holyoke united with the First Congregational Church of Holyoke to make the First United Congregational Church of Holyoke. The union moved allowed them to keep this building and thus had two buildings going. The name of this church was the St Andrew’s United Church of Christ.
When they did finally move out it became the Bethlehem Baptist Church.
The apartment complex at the SE corner of Elm and Sargeant Streets was occupied by 1915.